**6**

The Grade 6 program encourages students to:

- learn the value of mathematics
- gain confidence in their mathematical ability
- become proficient problem solvers
- communicate and reason mathematically in areas of:
- Number (whole, decimal, ratios, fractions and integers)
- Patterns and relations (will include basic algebra)
- Shape and space (perimeter, area of 2D shapes)
- Statistics and probability

**7**

The Grade 7 program encourages students to:

- learn the value of mathematics
- gain confidence in their mathematical ability
- become proficient problem solvers
- communicate and reason mathematically in the areas of:
- Number (whole, decimal, ratios, fractions and integers)
- Patterns and relations (1-2 step algebra)
- Shape and space
- Statistics and probability

**8**

In Grade 8 the mathematics course emphasizes problem solving, basic skills and the ability to communicate mathematically. Strands include:

- Algebra
- Statistics
- Probability
- Geometry
- Measurement
- Number concepts

**10F (1.0 cr.)
**

Grade 9 Mathematics is a foundation course intended to prepare students for multiple possible pathways in Grades 10 to 12. The course builds on the understanding from Kindergarten to Grade 8 Mathematics. Topics include:

- Rational numbers
- Square roots and surface area
- Exponents and powers
- Polynomials
- Algebra
- Linear relations
- Similarity and transformations

**20S Applied and Pre-Calculus Mathematics (1.0 cr.)**

This introductory course prepares students for both Applied and Pre-Calculus Mathematics. Topics include:

- Linear measurement
- Surface area and volume
- Trigonometry
- Factors and products
- Polynomials
- Roots and powers
- Relations and functions
- Linear functions and graphing
- Systems

### APPLIED MATHEMATICS

Applied Mathematics is a course that blends math with technology and is designed for those intending to continue studies in math, science and engineering. Graphing calculators are used extensively in this course. Graphing calculators, namely Texas Instruments-83, will be purchased by the students.

Applied Mathematics examines authentic situations to develop new mathematical concepts and skills. An investigative approach is taken in the classroom.

Students are required to communicate mathematical concepts verbally and in writing. Tutorials introduce concepts. Major and minor projects are done to develop study skills and work habits to complete open-ended problems.

**30S Applied Mathematics (1.0 cr.)**Prerequisite: 20S Applied and Pre-Calculus Mathematics

Topics include:

- Quadratic functions
- Scale
- Logic
- Statistics
- Geometry
- Systems of inequalities
- Trigonometry

**40S Applied Mathematics (1.0 cr.)**Prerequisite: 20S Applied and Pre-Calculus Mathematics

Topics include:

- Financial mathematics
- Probability
- Functions and relations
- Design and measurement
- Logical reasoning

### PRE-CALCULUS MATHEMATICS

Pre-Calculus Mathematics is theoretical in nature with emphasis on the mastery of algebraic skills in preparation for higher level mathematics. Each course will provide experiences that enable students to develop problem-solving skills, to gain confidence in their mathematical ability, to reason and to communicate

mathematically.

Pre-Calculus students must have a strong background in and facility for mathematics, as these courses are demanding and briskly paced.

Students are encouraged to write mathematics contests in addition to regular class work. This program provides a solid basis for the successful study of mathematics at the post-high school level.

**30S Pre-Calculus Mathematics (1.0 cr.)**Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus Mathematics 20S

Topics include:

- Quadratic functions and equations
- Trigonometry
- Rational and radical equations
- Absolute value
- Sequences
- Systems of equations
- Inequalities

**40S Pre-Calculus Mathematics (1.0 cr.)**Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus Mathematics 30S

Topics include:

- Transformation of functions
- Trigonometric functions
- Binomial theorem
- Polynomial functions
- Trigonometric equations and identities
- Exponents and logarithms
- Radicals and rationals

**45S Calculus (0.5 cr.)
**

Calculus 45S is a half-credit course that serves as an introduction to calculus.

Topics include:

- Limits
- Continuity
- Differentiation
- Mean value theorem
- Curve sketching
- Maxima and minima, and related rates.

### ESSENTIAL MATHEMATICS

Essential and Consumer Mathematics encourage mathematical literacy, the understanding of math in daily life, business and industry. Cooperative, interactive, and communicative skills will be developed for the students to become good consumers and active citizens.

**20S (1.0 cr.)**

Topics include:

- Analysis of games and numbers
- Personal finance
- Measurement
- 2-D geometry
- Trigonometry
- Consumer decisions
- Transformation
- Angle construction

**30S (1.0 cr.)**

Topics include:

- Analysis of games and numbers
- Interest and credit
- 3-D geometry
- Statistics
- Managing money
- Relations and patterns
- Trigonometry
- Design modelling

**40S (1.0 cr.)**

Topics include:

- Analysis of games and numbers
- Vehicle finance
- Statistics
- Precision measurement
- Career life
- Home finance
- Geometry and trigonometry
- Business finance
- Probability